The Ocular Fundus: From Findings to Diagnosis

The ocular fundus from findings to diagnosisBy

  • Sebastian Wolf, M.D., Professor and Director, University Hospital and Polyclinic for Ophthalmology, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland
  • Bernd Kirchhof, M.D., Professor, Department of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Center for Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany
  • Martin Reim, M.D., Professor, Former Director, Eye Clinic, Technical University, Aachen, Germany

Learn how to read the optic fundus:

  • What tests are indicated?
  • How do I interpret the findings?
  • What is the next step?

This book guides you quickly and confidently from finding to diagnosis.


  • Organized by presentation
  • Systematic listing of diagnoses for each presentation
  • Sidebars with a brief summary of the signs and symptoms for each diagnosis
  • Quick reference and study guide in one


  • Describes various examination method
  • Covers even rare findings
  • Differential diagnosis
  • Figures to illustrate each diagnosis
  • Notes on appropriate treatment


  • Learn to take prompt, goal-directed action.
  • Apply various diagnostic options appropriately and economically.
  • Gain confidence in dealing with equivocal findings.


Note: Only Ophthalmology member can download this ebook. Learn more here!

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